Neyshabur or Nishapur meaning “New City of Shapur”, “Fair Shapur”, or “Perfect built of Shapur”) is a city in Razavi Khorasan Province, capital of the Nishapur County and former capital of Province Khorasan, in northeastern Iran, situated in a fertile plain at the foot of the Binalud Mountains. Nishapur occupies an important strategic position astride the old Silk Road that linked Anatolia and the Mediterranean Sea with China. On the Silk Road, Nishapur has often defined the flexible frontier between the Iranian plateau and Central Asia. The town derived its name from its reputed founder, the Sassanian king Shapur I, who is said to have established it in the 3rd century CE. Nearby the city are the turquoise mines that supplied the world with turquoise for at least two millennia. Nishapur during the Islamic Golden Age, especially the 9th and 10th centuries, was one of the great centers of pottery and related arts. Most of the Ceramic artifacts discovered in Nishapur are preserved in the Metropolitan Museum of Art and Museums in Tehran and Mashhad.
Nishapur Tourist Attractions:
- Omar Khayyam Mausoleum
Omar Khayyam died on 4 December, 1131. He was a poet, mathematician and above all one of the greatest astronomers of all time. He created the Jalali calendar which is the most accurate calendar ever made. The Jalali calendar is a solar calendar that was used in Persia, variants of which today are still in use in Iran and Afghanistan. It gains approximately 1 day on the Julian calendar every 128 years. The tropical Jalali calendar was adopted on 15 March 1079 by the Seljuk Sultan Jalal al-Din Malik Shah I (for whom it was named), based on the recommendations of a committee of astronomers, including Omar Khayyam, at the imperial observatory in his capital city of Isfahan.
The tomb reconstruction was completed in 1963, and it was designed by the great Iranian architect Hooshang Seyhoun.
- Khayam Planetarium
A planetarium is a theater built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation. It is one of the most efficient tools in simulating all of the universe.
Khayam planetarium in Neyshabur is the biggest planetarium in Iran with 30 meters diameter (28 meters for the screen show). It is located next to Omar Khayam tomb. The planetarium complex is extended in a field near 8000 square feet.
Khayam planetarium has a hybrid simulation system; using one opto-mechanical and eight digital projectors manufactured by Zeiss Company it simulates the sky for 420 audience and brings about the greatest indoor adventure ever. Khayam planetarium offers different educational programs for all ages.
- Mausoleum of Attar Neyshaburi
Farīd ud-Dīn also known as Attar of Nishapur, was the great poet and Gnostic of Iran. The tomb of this famous poet is located 6 km, west of Nishapur, near Imamzadeh Mahrooq and the tomb of Omar Khayyam. This structure is octagonal in shape with a tile worked onion shaped dome. The grave of the well-known painter Kamal-ol-molk is also situated in a part of this garden.
- Tomb of Kamal-ol-Molk
Mohammad Ghaffari, known as Kamal Al Molk was a famous Iranian painter and the royal painter of King Nasereddin Shah Qajar at the age of 18. The master established Sanaye Mostazrafeh Art School, better known as Kamal-ol-Molk Art School, pursued his artistic career and steadied a new style in Iranian art. The School’s goal was to find new talents, embrace them and educate them in the best possible way. Kamal-ol-Molk did not confine himself to painting. Rather, he introduced other arts and crafts such as carpet weaving, mosaic designing, and woodwork to his school in order to revive the dying fine arts. In addition to teaching art, through his kind behavior he also taught students love, morals and humanity. Mirror Hall, which he believed to be his best work. He painted it over a five-year period.
- Wooden Mosque of Neyshabur
The Wooden Mosque of Neyshabur is located about 15km far from Neyshabur City in Khorasan state of Iran. This mosque is one of the wooden masterpieces in architecture of Iran which is built by decedent Hamid Mojtahedi. This wooden mosque is the only earthquake-resistant wooden mosque in the world. The Wooden Mosque is built in 200 square-meters. The gable roof of the building is based on fully wooden walls and pillars. There are also two minarets on the roof of this mosque with 13 meters height. The weight of this fully wooden building is about 4 tonners. The shape of this building is like a turned downed ship on the earth. Construction of the mentioned mosque had been done in two years.
The site includes a library, restaurant, museum, and kitchen which are all made of wood.
- Neyshabur Turquoise
Neyshabur Turquoise is the finest in the world. For at least 2,000 years, Iran and Neyshabur has remained an important source of turquoise which was named by Iranians initially “pirouzeh” (Arabic Firouzeh) meaning “victory”. This deposit, which is blue naturally, and turns green when heated due to dehydration, is restricted to a mine-riddled region in Neyshabur, the 2,012-metre (6,601 ft) mountain peak of Ali-mersai, which is tens of kilometers from Mashhad, the capital of Khorasan province.